Archive for March, 2011

Final Day of 1st Semester

In our final lesson, we learned about adjectives. So we started with ones we already know like おおきい (OOKII) and ちいさい (CHIISAI) for big and small. We then went on to various other adjectives and their opposites like たかい (TAKAI) and やすい (YASUI) for expensive and cheap. We then went on get the negative forms where we change the ending of い (I) with くない (KUNAI) so for big it changes from おおきい (OOKII) to おおきくない (OOKIKUNAI) meaning “not big”.

We then went into money and given play money to see the various coins and bills. We learn how to ask “How much?” as いくら ですか。 (IKURA DESU KA?) which would be very useful if we ever go to Japan to shop ^_^. We re-visited counting and went from じゅう (JYUU) for 10, ひゃく (HYAKU) for 10, せん (SEN) for 1000 and まん (MAN) for 10,000. 10,000 though has to be explicitly stated as いち まん (ICHI MAN) even if it is just 10,000.

That closes the 1st semester. Reviewing back through the textbook though is that we skipped certain pages mainly the unique counting and time. Hopefully we were learn that in 2nd semester.

8th Day of Class

Following up from last week’s lesson, we dealt with the negative forms of いく (IKU) which was simply replacing it with -sen form of the verb. With the exception of the past tense where we also add でした (DESHITA) which is the past form of です (DESU).

We learning on how to say for walk when you are not using a vehicle as a method of transport which is あるいて (ARUITE). This is actually the -te form of あるく (ARUKU) which means walk. I still not 100% sure when to use -te forms of verbs. I think it is because the “walk” compliments the verb of “going”. I assume the reason the “walk” verb is using -te form instead of “going” verb is because “going” is at the end of the sentence.

We then briefly went into relationships where we went from ともだち (TOMODACHI) meaning friends, to かれし (KARESHI) and かのじょ (KANOJO) for boyfriend and girlfriend and ごしゅじん (GOSHUJIN) and あくさん (OKUSAN) for husband and wife. Also ひとり (HITORI) for when using alone. We used these words for when traveling with a partner.

We then combined sentences for when saying we are going to this place then we are doing something with this. In this case, we used それから (SOREKARA) which means “then”. We also learned to remove redundancy where if we are talking about the same place or same person, we don’t repeat it in the next sentence. Strange we didn’t go into other “connecting” words like そうして (SOUSHITE) which means “and”.

We are then given a hand out of a quick summary of the entire semester in English. Useful for people who didn’t know the meaning of the particles.

The next lesson would be the last lesson for the 1st semester.

 

7th Day of Class

Forgot to make a post about this last week.

In this class, we focused on travel. In the previous lesson of verbs, we were talking about a person at a place with an object and what the person does with it. Now we use a method of transport like a bus – ばす (BASU) to get to a place using the verb いく (IKU). So the sentence becomes ひとは もので ところへ どうし basically meaning “This person riding this thing goes to this place”.

We also use the verb くる (KURU) for asking someone to come over and かえる (KAERU) for returning home.

The new particle for this lesson was へ (pronounced as え (E)). In this lesson, it is used to indicate the direction of travel (in our case, a place). But a few more researching around shows, it is also used to show destination, direction or goal of the action. Like it can be used for giving, sending, to put and to place.