Archive for February, 2011

6th Day of Class

Today we mainly learned about time. To start off we reviewed the numbers from 1 to 10. We briefly went on to the higher numbers (where you basically do n * 10 + num) but never went to 100 (ひゃく – HYAKU).

We then went on to hours (じ – JI) then on to month (がつ – GATSU) and day (にち – NICHI).

Next, we went to the periods of a day. あさ (ASA) for morning, ひる (HIRU) for afternoon and ばん (BAN) for night. And just when I thought last lesson’s sentence can’t get any longer, we added the time period into the sentence with きょうの (KYOU NO) and the period.

At the end of the class, we went on to common greetings. For example, おはよ (OHAYO), すみません (SUMIMASEN), いただきます (ITADAKIMASU) and so forth. Interestingly, it seems the class knew most of them. We only briefly went into the politeness for example adding ございます (GOZAIMASU) but I think most of the class knew when to add them.

5th Day of Class

Today we went back and learned some more things like みるもの (MIRUMONO), きくもの (KIKUMONO), はくもの (HAKUMONO) and きるもの (KIRUMONO).

We then went into base words and the tenses for verbs like for たべる (TABERU) which means eat, into たべます (TABEMASU) for going to eat, たべています (TABETEIMASU) for currently eating and たべました (TABEMASHITA) for have eaten. Our textbook basically had 27 common verbs which I assume we have to memorize.

We then did our longest sentence by combining a person, thing, place and action. Basically saying this person did an action with this item at this place. The sentence is like 「ひと」は 「もの」を 「ところ」で 「どうし」。

The question for the sentence is basically “What are you doing?” in each of it tenses like どうします (DOUSHIMASU), どうしています (DOUSHITEIMASU) and どうしました (DOUSHIMASHITA).

I started looking up the particles in this long sentence は(WA), を (O) and で (DE) for their reasoning. For は (WA)  marks the subject directly following it, in this case it is the person. For を (O), it is the direct object of the transitive verb so for eating, this is referring to what I am eating. For で (DE), indicates where the action is taking place.

4th Day of Class

We had some pictures taken today for the website so that took some of our learning time.

Today, we learned ここ (KOKO), そこ (SOKO) and あそこ (ASOKO) which is for asking what is over there. We then learned about combining もの (MONO) + ところ (TOKORO) and ひと (HITO) + ところ (TOKORO). This is similar to the combining we did with the dakuten and handakuten except the usage of あります (ARIMASU) and います (IMASU) respectively instead of です (DESU). Basically to say “(blank) is there”.

It was close to the end of class when we did it though so I don’t know if the class understood the difference. But あります (ARIMASU) is used for non-living things (like a book) and います (IMASU) is used for living things (like a person).

3rd Day of Class

Interestingly we talked about a lot of different things in this lesson.

We first did the use of も (MO) for “and” or “also” to say basically “What is this and this”. Then went on to ぜんぶ (ZENBU) for “all” of “everything”

We then went into たべるもの (TABERU MONO), のむもの (NOMU MONO) and のるもの (NORU MONO) for “eat”, “drink” and “ride”. I am not sure of the use of もの (MONO) though. I never heard of it’s use. I did a quick search and seems it the use of the suffix of もの (MONO) on a verb means like “things” or “items” so たべるもの (TABERU MONO) means like “things to eat”. Most likely why I haven’t heard of it is because this is too formal as I think “things” is normally assumed when talking.

We then went into the use この (KONO), その (SONO) and あの (ANO) for “this/that” as an adjective; ひと (HITO) for “person”; And だれ (DARE) for “who”. So we asked questions of “Who is this person?” and “Who is that person?”

All in all, a different variety of topics in this class to digest.